Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A~G for each of the numbered paragraphs (41~45). There are two extra subheadings. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
[A] Eye fixations are brief.
[B] Too much eye contact is instinctively felt to be rude.
[C] Eye contact can be a friendly social signal.
[D] Personality can affect how a person reacts to eye contact.
[E] Biological factors behind eye contact are being investigated.
[F] Most people are not comfortable holding eye contact with strangers.
[G] Eye contact can also be aggressive.
In a social situation, eye contact with another person can show that you are paying attention in a friendly way. But it can also be antagonistic such as when a political candidate turns toward their…. Here’s what hard science reveals about eye contact:
We know that a typical infant will instinctively gaze into its mother’s eyes, and she will look back. This mutual gaze is a major part of the attachment between mother and child. In adulthood, looking at someone else in a pleasant way can be a complimentary sign of paying attention….
Neuroscientist Bonnie Auyeung found that the hormone oxytocin increased the amount of eye contact from men toward the interviewer during a brief interview when the direction of their gaze was recorded…., using advanced methods of brain scanning.
With the use of eye-tracking technology, Julia Minson of the Harvard Kennedy School of Government concluded that eye contact can signal very different kinds of messages, depending on the situation. … it might be helpful to keep in mind that trying to maintain eye contact may backfire if you’re trying to convince someone who has a different set of beliefs than you,” said Minson.
When we look at a face or a picture, our eyes pause on one spot at a time, …. How the whole image is then assembled and perceived is still a mystery although it is the subject of current research.
In people who score high in a test of neuroticism, a personality dimension associated with self-consciousness and anxiety, eye contact triggered more activity associated with avoidance, according to the Finnish researcher Jari Hietanen and colleagues, ….” A more direct finding is that people who scored high for negative emotions like anxiety looked at others for shorter periods of time and reported more comfortable feelings when others did not look directly at them.
41. 答案【C】Eye contact can be a friendly social signal.
42. 答案【E】Biological factors behind eye contact are being investigated.
解析：本题下段出现Neuroscientist、hormone oxytocin和autistic spectrum symptoms等生物学名词，对应E项中的Biological factors。且本题下段中explored与E项中investigated是同义词。所以本题选E。
43. 答案【G】Eye contact can also be aggressive.
44. 答案【A】Eye fixations are brief.
解析：本题下段多次出现的pause（停止）是A项中fixations（固定）的同义词。且A项中的brief是对原文three per second的概括总结。所以本题选A。
45. 答案【D】Personality can affect how a person reacts to eye contact.